Special districts serve important roles in growth management in California given they are responsible for providing a range of municipal services - such as water, sewer, or fire - within particular areas, such as unincorporated communities. Special districts fall into two categories, (a) independent and (b) dependent. Independent special districts have a board of directors elected by the voters that reside within their boundaries. Dependent special districts have a board of directors appointed by other local agencies or whose board members are the Board of Supervisors or one of the city councils. For more information on special districts, please click below.